1. Coronavirus pandemic live updates: India reports a single-day rise of 253 new Covid cases in India 2. ‘I carry India with me wherever I go’: Google and Alphabet CEO Sundar Pichai 3. Aaftab used Chinese knife to dismember Shraddha's body, chopped her

Wastewater study names Amsterdam a drug capital of Europe

A study conducted by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) has once again ranked Amsterdam as the MDMA (ecstasy) and crack cocaine capital of Europe.

EMCDDA analysis of wastewater and drugs in European cities
As part of their study into drug residue in wastewater across Europe, the EMCDDA analyzed sewage water in 75 cities across 17 countries. Samples were collected and tested for traces of cocaine, cannabis, amphetamine, methamphetamine, and MDMA, allowing researchers to determine the consumption of different drugs in each city.

This year, the EMCDAA found that drug use varied significantly across different countries and cities, with western and southern European cities showing the highest concentration of cocaine, and northern European countries showing the highest concentration of amphetamine and MDMA.

According to the results of this year’s edition of the study, the Netherlands has some of the highest loads of cocaine, amphetamine, MDMA, and, unsurprisingly, cannabis.

Map of waste water treatment

Amsterdam is the MDMA and crack cocaine capital of Europe

While it wasn’t the only Dutch city involved in the study, Amsterdam has certainly emerged as one of Europe’s drug capitals. Together with Antwerp, Amsterdam’s sewage water was found to have the highest levels of crack cocaine, as well as the second-highest level of cannabis and the third-highest level of cocaine.

The Dutch capital did see a slight drop in traces of MDMA in 2021 – most likely as a result of the various restrictions imposed throughout the coronavirus pandemic and the enforced closure of nightclubs and bars – but it remains the ecstasy capital of Europe.

Both Utrecht and Eindhoven also showed high levels of MDMA in their wastewater, coming in second and fourth place respectively. Utrecht was also found to have relatively high levels of amphetamine (sixth place overall), while Eindhoven reported higher concentrations of cannabis (ninth place) and cocaine (10th place).

Source link – https://www.iamexpat.nl/expat-info/dutch-expat-news/wastewater-study-names-amsterdam-drug-capital-europ


Ankita Deshkar

All Posts

Related Post

NATO deploys flash force to strengthen eastern flank...

February 26th, 2022 | Ankita Deshkar

US President Biden and the heads of government of other NATO countries have decided to deploy NATO’s flash force for...

Netherlands Embassy has ordered 9 Ola S1 Pro electr...

November 18th, 2021 | Ankita Deshkar

The scooters will be delivered to Netherlands’ diplomatic missions in India in New Delhi, Mumbai and Bengaluru. Ola ...

Netherlands: Teachers want more attention for sex ed...

February 14th, 2022 | Ankita Deshkar

Teachers believe that in secondary education too little attention is paid to relational and sex education, especially in t...